Timber refers to wood used in industrial and structural production. Timber is a favoured material in building construction, interior design, and manufacturing consumer products due to its various qualities such as appearance, durability, and rigidity. Timber can also be engineered artificially to achieve other desirable features such as waterproofing, thermal insulation, fire resistance etc. The wood production process refers to the workflow by which natural lumber of harvested and processed and the final product is made and sold to the consumers. The extraction of lumber from trees in lumber farms occur first, and they are transported to an area where they can be processed and segregated based on kind and quality of wood, intended use, imperfections etc. and treated to remove moisture and increase resistance against biological growth and insects. Afterward the wood is sawed into planks and the planks are used to create end user products that are sold to the customers via storefronts such as furniture stores Gold Coast, or used in building elements such as roof rafters. This article will take a detailed look at the process of timber production, from the extraction stage to the finishing stage.
Extraction of Lumber
Extracting wood from trees by cutting them is known as felling the trees. A tree farm will grow trees cyclically so that it has a continuous supply of mature trees to fell as otherwise there would be several years or decades between harvests. Once a tree is felled, another is replanted to continue the cycle. Trees can be felled either manually or by using machines. This is relatively time consuming as it is not possible to automate the entire task and humans are still required to operate the machines. After the lumber is cut, it is transported to a lumber mill for processing.
The processing of timber is the longest process as it involves many sub-processes depending on the end use of the timber. Timber seasoning refers to leaving the timber out to dry in order to remove the moisture from the wood. The presence of moisture can cause the timber to shrink and crack later and should be removed as much as possible before treating with other chemicals to increase resistance to insects such as termites or growth of various fungi. Seasoned and treated wood are cut into planks for manufacturing purposes, or beams for structural work, or ground into powder for other artificial fabrications. Engineered wood is made by combining planks of wood with other materials such as foams and plastics to achieve different material features.
Carpenters and other artisans use the processed wood planks or beams to manufacture various items such as furniture, storage units, walls, roofing elements etc. as the market demands. These products usually involve nailing together multiple panels and sections of wood. After the initial fabrication is completed, timber products are finished by smoothing them over to remove splinters and other imperfections in the wood and then waxed and polished to achieve a high-quality wooden finish which is then sold to the end user.